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Decreased life expectancy in the United States
Many studies, reports, and articles have recently been published regarding the decreasing life expectancy in the United States. While looking at the overall number is important, it is also imperative to evaluate the specific causes of the decline, how the U.S. compares to its international counterparts, and specific disparities among different groups. This article compiles this information after critical evaluation of recent publications. Evaluating suggestions for improvement on the current system to combat the continuing decrease in life expectancy is also an important aspect to consider after looking at the numbers. Several suggestions for improvement are also compiled and described.
Life Expectancy in the U.S. Declined a Year and Half in 2020 [Internet]. Atlanta (GA); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/National Center for Health Statistics; 21 July 2021 [cited 2023 Apr 20]. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/nch s_press_releases/2021/202107.htm.
Life Expectancy in the U.S. Dropped for the Second Year in a Row in 2021 [Internet]. Atlanta (GA); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/National Center for Health Statistics; 31 Aug 2022 [cited 2023 Apr 20]. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/pressroom/nch s_press_releases/2022/20220831.htm.
Ho JY. Causes of America’s Lagging Life Expectancy: An International Comparative Perspective. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2022 May; 77(Suppl 2): S117-26.
Bloomberg American Health Initiative. Reversing the Decline: 10 Ideas to Improve Life Expectancy. Baltimore (MD); Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; 6 Dec 2022 [cited 2023
Apr 20]. Available from:
https://americanhealth.jhu.edu/sites/default /files/website- media/resources/LifeExpec_Report.pdf.
Shmerling RH. Why life expectancy in the US is falling: COVID-19 and drug overdoses are the biggest contributors. Cambridge (MA); Harvard Health Publishing: Harvard Medical School; 20 Oct 2022 [cited 2023 Apr 20]. Available from: https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/why- life-expectancy-in-the-us-is-falling- 202210202835#:~:text=The%20social%20 determinants%20of%20health,contribute% 20to%20lower%20life%20expectancy.