Review of Parkinson’s Disease Treatment and Future Therapies

Eric Manning


Parkinson’s Disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that can affect an individual’s ability to perform daily activities. The disease belongs to a group of motor system disorders and is characterized by the result of a loss of dopamine-producing brain cells. There are no definitive causes of this condition, but there are many factors currently being studied. Genetics, environmental factors, or a combination of both may be potential causes of the disease. This article will review current treatment regimens used in practice, previous studies done on novel therapies, and future therapies that could have clinical significance.

The review will go through each medication class and highlight their mechanisms, potential side effects, and use in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease. Clinical trials researching newly approved medications are referenced in the article. Areas of future drug development that are being studied are also reviewed. New information is constantly being discovered regarding the pathophysiology of Parkinson’s Disease, which in turn leads researchers to look into new potential therapies.

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Medicine is an ever-changing science.  As new research and clinical experience broaden our knowledge, changes in treatment and drug therapy are required.  The authors and the publisher of this work have checked with sources believed to be reliable in their efforts to provide information that is complete and generally in accord with the standards accepted at the time of publication.  However, in view of the possibility of human error or changes in medical sciences, neither the authors nor the publisher nor any other party who has been involved in the preparation or publication of this work warrants that the information contained herein is accurate or complete, and they disclaim all responsibility for any errors or omissions or for the results obtained from use of the information contained in this work.    Readers are encouraged to confirm the information contained herein with other sources.   For example and in particular, readers are advised to check the product information sheet included in the package of each drug they plan to administer to be certain that the information contained in this work is accurate and that changes have not been made in the recommended dose or in the contraindications for administration.